In the 21st century, international organisations (such as the OECD and United Nations) began measuring children’s wellbeing alongside their academic outcomes in transnational research (OECD, 2019; UNICEF, 2007). Most well-known is the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), which introduced the measurement of children’s wellbeing alongside their academic outcomes in 2015. The OECD now uses a multidimensional measure of learner wellbeing consisting of four sub-constructs: cognitive, social, physical and psychological wellbeing.
What is the theory behind learner wellbeing?
The fulfilment of these needs is important for healthy child development, wellbeing and academic achievement (Boncquet et al., 2020).
High learner wellbeing is also positively linked to other important academic characteristics including:
- growth mindset;
- holding mastery approach goals.
Sources: Cambridge Assessment International Education